Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. (1818). Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. New York: Simon & Brown.

Saunders, George. “Jon.” New Yorker 27 Jan. 2003. Condé Nast
“Episode 2.” Humans.  AMC. 21 June 2015 (Available on Amazon and Itunes)

Theory and Commentary

Hayles, Katherine. 1999. Chapter 10 (247-82) in How We Became Posthuman. Chicago, Ill. : University of Chicago Press.

Significantly, all of these texts are obsessed in various ways, with the dynamics of evolution and devolution. Underlying their obsessions is a momentous question: when human meets the posthuman, will the encounter be for better of for worse? Will the posthuman preserve what we continue to value in the liberal subject? Will free will and individual agency still be possible in a posthuman future? Will we be able to recognize ourselves after the change? Will there still be a self to recognize and be recognized? (Hayles, 281)


Gormel, Elana. 2011. Science (Fiction) and Posthuman Ethics: Redefining the Human. The European Legacy 16(3): 339-54.

Additional Materials

Want to see Mary Shelley’s actual manuscripts of the novel Frankenstein? The Shelley-Godwin Archive has them, and they are way cool.

Want to explore the genre of Romance literature more broadly? Romantic Circles is an online scholarly community that focuses on discussions about Gothic novels, early works of horror, and proto-science fiction, among other treasures.